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Author Topic: "Fade loops" and freezing  (Read 2937 times)

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KIPPIE408

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"Fade loops" and freezing
« on: June 02, 2014, 08:46:20 am »
I'm using VS2013 with SFML Simple and Fast Installer for VS2013 ( http://en.sfml-dev.org/forums/index.php?topic=14127.0 ), and I have tried some types of codes for fading, any of which ended up with freezing:

(1)
bool MsgBox::showTitleLogo(sf::RenderWindow &window)
        {
                window.clear(sf::Color::White);

                sf::Sprite spr;

                sf::Texture logo;
                if (!logo.loadFromFile("splash/logo.png"))
                        return false;

                spr.setTexture(logo);
                spr.setPosition(Config::center(spr));

                sf::Clock clk;
                while (clk.getElapsedTime() < sf::milliseconds(1000));

                bool fade = true;
                 sf::Color c = spr.getColor();
                while (fade)
                {
                        if (c.a = 0)
                        {
                                fade = false;
                                break;
                        }

                        window.draw(spr);
                        if (c.a >= 5)
                                c.a -= 5;
                        else
                                c.a = 0;
                        spr.setColor(c);
                }
                return true;
        }
 

(2)
bool MsgBox::fade(sf::RenderWindow &window, bool isIn, sf::Time t, sf::Color c)
        {
                sf::Color _c = c;
                if (isIn)
                        _c.a = 255;
                else
                        _c.a = 0;

                sf::Time grade = sf::seconds(t.asSeconds() / 256.0f);
                sf::Clock clk;
                bool loop = true;

                sf::RectangleShape screen;
                screen.setFillColor(_c);
                screen.setPosition(0, 0);
                screen.setSize(sf::Vector2f(Config::scrWidth(), Config::scrHeight()));

                while (loop)
                {
                        window.draw(screen);
                       
                        clk.restart();
                        if (clk.getElapsedTime() == grade)
                        {
                                if (isIn)
                                        --_c.a;
                                else
                                        ++_c.a;
                        }


                        if (isIn)
                                if (_c.a == 0)
                                        loop = false;
                        else
                                if (_c.a == 255)
                                        loop = false;

                }

                return true;
        }
 

(3)
int main()
{
        sf::Sprite sprt;
        sf::Texture img;

        img.loadFromFile("image.png");
        sprt.setTexture(img);

        sf::RenderWindow App(sf::VideoMode(1600, 800, 32), "SFML Alpha Demo");
        App.setFramerateLimit(60);
        App.setVerticalSyncEnabled(false);

        int a = 255;
        while (App.isOpen())
        {
                if (a<0){ a = 255; }
                sprt.setColor(sf::Color(255, 255, 255, a));
                a--;

                App.clear(sf::Color::Green);
                App.draw(sprt);
                App.display();
        }

        return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

// This one came from http://en.sfml-dev.org/forums/index.php?topic=2693.msg17638#msg17638 , modified to 2.1 style by myself.
 


Was there any problem on these codes?

Edit: I intended to make a splash screen, which would be shown up at the startup.
« Last Edit: June 02, 2014, 09:01:20 am by KIPPIE408 »

Laurent

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Re: "Fade loops" and freezing
« Reply #1 on: June 02, 2014, 08:56:04 am »
(3) is almost ok. The general idea is good (you don't block the main loop, so that you can still draw stuff and process events while fading), but it misses an event loop. And you should also use a clock so that the fading delay doesn't depend on the framerate.
Laurent Gomila - SFML developer

KIPPIE408

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Re: "Fade loops" and freezing
« Reply #2 on: June 02, 2014, 09:00:08 am »
@Laurent
Then how about (1) and (2)? Each of them is just one function, not the full code.

Edit: (2) was used with this code.
(2+)
bool MsgBox::showTitleLogo(sf::RenderWindow &window)
        {
                window.clear(sf::Color::White);

                sf::Sprite spr;

                sf::Texture logo;
                if (!logo.loadFromFile("splash/logo.png"))
                        return false;

                spr.setTexture(logo);
                spr.setPosition(Config::center(spr));
                window.draw(spr);

                sf::Clock clk;
                while (clk.getElapsedTime() < sf::milliseconds(1000));
                fade(window, false, sf::milliseconds(10000)); // here!
                return true;
        }
 

Laurent

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Re: "Fade loops" and freezing
« Reply #3 on: June 02, 2014, 09:58:27 am »
You can't have a blocking loop inside your main loop. Because as long as this inner loop is active, nothing else can happen (event processing, drawing of other stuff, etc.). Your main loop has to be executed, it can't be interrupted. And at each iteration of your main loop, you must update your color based on the elapsed time.

A typical approach looks like this (pseudo-code):

sf::Clock clock;
while (window.isOpen())
{
    // process events...
    sf::Event event;
    while (window.pollEvent(event))
    {
        ...
    }

    // update logic...
    sf::Time elapsed = clock.restart();
    for (all entities)
        entity.update(elapsed);

    // draw everything...
    window.clear();
    for (all entities)
        window.draw(entity);
    window.display();
}

...

void MsgBox::update(sf::Time elapsed)
{
    if (m_fading)
    {
        m_accumulatedTime += elapsed;
        if (m_accumulatedTime < m_fadeDelay)
        {
            m_opacity = m_accumulatedTime.asSeconds() * 255 / m_fadeDelay.asSeconds();
            m_sprite.setColor(255, 255, 255, m_opacity);
        }
        else
        {
            m_fading = false;
        }
    }
}
Laurent Gomila - SFML developer

KIPPIE408

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Re: "Fade loops" and freezing
« Reply #4 on: June 05, 2014, 03:38:26 am »
This code shows the image correctly, but it did not fade in or out. Surely modified the pseudocode to a compilable one. What was wrong with my code?

At this moment I'm posting via smartphone and cannot access to the code right now, so I will post the code later. Sorry :(

 

anything